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HeatherAdministrator

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Antidepressant Therapy (Imipramine and Citalopram) for Irritable Bowel Syndrome
06/20/07 01:56 PM

Dig Dis Sci. 2007 May 15;

Antidepressant Therapy (Imipramine and Citalopram) for Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Talley NJ, Kellow JE, Boyce P, Tennant C, Huskic S, Jones M.
Department of Medicine, Nepean Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of antidepressants in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is controversial. No trials have directly compared a tricyclic with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Our aim was to determine whether imipramine and citalopram are efficacious in IBS.

METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group pilot trial with imipramine (50 mg) and citalopram (40 mg).

RESULTS: Of 51 IBS patients randomized, baseline characteristics were comparable among the treatment arms; the majority was diarrhea-predominant. Adequate relief of IBS symptoms (primary endpoint) was similar for each treatment arm. Improvements in bowel symptom severity rating for interference (P = 0.05) and distress (P = 0.02) were greater with imipramine versus placebo, but improvements in abdominal pain were not. There was a greater improvement in depression score (P = 0.08) and in the SF-36 Mental Component Score (P = 0.07), with imipramine. Citalopram was not superior to placebo. Approximately 20% of the variance in scores was explained by treatment differences for abdominal pain, bowel symptom severity disability, depression and the mental component of the SF-36.

CONCLUSION: Neither imipramine nor citalopram significantly improved global IBS endpoints over placebo.

PMID: 17503182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=17503182&ordinalpos=40&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum

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